There is therefore a wealth of research information available on the crop. In other words lucerne plants produce a chemical(s) which suppress the germination and growth of lucerne seedlings. This document was compiled as part of the Better Returns Programme to provide best practice advice on growing and feeding lucerne to cattle and sheep. Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. It is however essential to grow a suitable variety for UK conditions, this means one that is winter hardy and resistant to disease, particularly Wilt. Optimising plant densities at establishment is critical to ensure high production over the life of the stand. Please check with your supplier for detailed recommendations as these are continually changing. It also gives advice about how to grow it, including topics such as establishment costs and choosing suitable fields. If the cereal, usually spring barley, is cut as silage at the milky stage this provides a conservation crop in a year of establishment. It is rich in vitamins and minerals, and if cut at the right stage is low in fibre and high in energy. Lucerne establishes best when spring-sown, using inoculated seed at 3-7 kg/ha, although rates used can be as high as 8-10 kg/ha. Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a legume that has been cultivated for around 2,000 years. According to growth stage the protein content ranges from 15% - 20%. All these factors have helped to renew interest in forage legumes and will increase the knowledge and experience of a crop with a future. New stems emerge from the crown following grazing. It gives a very high DM yield comparable to that of Italian ryegrass but will persist for four years. Crops with a companion grass may be grazed lightly with sheep in the winter. For lucerne sown as a pure stand no nitrogen is necessary unless following a succession of cereal crops when 25 kg N per hectare should be used. Slugs can also be a problem. Lucerne is a long-term crop and weeds can impair the stand w.r.t. 24.05.17. The plants must be allowed to build up their root reserves, and this means that the last cut must take place six weeks before the estimated end of the growing period (end of October). The variation in the areas harvested from year to year indicates two important factors regarding lucerne seed production: 1. Although prices of many crops are declining, we are able to reimburse our grass and / or lucerne growers durig the harvest season. Growing and feeding lucerne Options for growing lucerne Depending on the required purpose of the crop, lucerne can be grown either as a monoculture or in a mixture. Leave summer sowings unmown till November when mowing should be timed to be just before winter die-back. For hay making it is excellent, given suitable weather conditions. It is a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen. A typical analysis of well-fermented lucerne silage is dry matter 280g per kg, crude protein 200g per kg, D value 60 and ME 9.7 MJ. Home; About Us. The first cut will also be bigger when grasses are present as they start growing in advance of the Lucerne. The most critical time is during the first few hours of storage. Alfalfa contains 18% protein, 11% carbohydrates, 85 fats and 30% fiber. Lucerne Meal Preparation Video: Season and Varieties. At 20% protein, lucerne is an attractive feed. 2. Lucerne thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning “best fodder”. Salt tolerance: moderately low (if not waterlogged). On organic farms, the advantage of a mixture with grasses is that the extra competition will discourage weeds. the cost, and slow rate (6-12 months) of establishment, requirement for rotational grazing for long-term persistence, greater monitoring for insects and susceptibility to being over-grazed, the pasture phase needs to be at least three years to overcome the high upfront costs of establishment, can be difficult/costly to remove if going into a crop phase. Useful guides to growing, harvesting & feeding Pioneers range of lucerne products. Because it is a semi-permanent crop that covers the entire soil surface, errors made while establishing a planting are difficult to rectify. Lucerne - A Premier Forage Legume for home grown PROTEINLucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a legume that has been cultivated for around 2,000 years. This could result in damage to drains when growing this crop. Lucerne is also a source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and vitamins A and D. Lucerne can be grown as a pasture phase, removed and followed by a crop phase or it can be over sown with crops (pasture cropped). Paddock selection. news & case studies. The total yield is likely to be higher with a mixture. It grows in areas receiving as little as 325mm annual rainfall but also provides good summer production in areas up to 700mm rainfall. Crop Production :: Forage Crops :: Kudirai Masal. The choice of agrochemicals to control pests and diseases in lucerne is limited and unless tramlines are used, there are few opportunities to enter the actively growing crop. The use of Lucerne in the form of hay is a popular practice in South Africa. The seed must be treated with a culture just before sowing. GROWING LUCERNE . Effective weed management will increase the legume component and nitrogen accumulation from a lucerne based pasture. Leaves are trifoliate with leaflet length greater than the width. LUCERNE SEED PRODUCTION G. A. AVERY, Grassmere Lucerne is grown for seed chiefly in Marlborough and North Canterbury with a small amount in Mid Canterbury. It should be noted that one tonne of Lucerne dry matter removes 29 kg/ha potash and seven kg/ha phosphate.Management of the Growing CropIn the establishment year, avoid severe defoliation at all times. Establishment: Lucerne is best established during the spring LUCERNE SEED PRODUCTION G. A. AVERY, Grassmere Lucerne is grown for seed chiefly in Marlborough and North Canterbury with a small amount in Mid Canterbury. Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) is a herbaceous perennial legume that has its origins in the Near East and Asian Minor but it is now naturalised from Spain to China, and from Sweden to North Africa.It was one of the first fodder crops in the world to be domesticated. Lucerne can be grown as a short-term pasture in a cropping rotation, to improve soil condition between annual crops and provide valuable forage. Lucerne produces green-feed for much of the year. Pendimethalin 1-2 kg /ha (pre-emergence) or diquat @ 6-10 kg/ha 5-10 days after sowing effectively controls Cuscuta. Soil –• Deep loamy soils rich in phosphorus, calcium and potash are very good for lucerne crop• Upland sandy soils are not suitable for it as they have low water holding capacity• Well drained soil with PH 6.5 to 7.00• It cannot thrive on alkaline soils• But can be grown on acid soils with lime applicationClimate -• Lucerne crop is highly sensitive to climatic changes• During seedling stage a cool … A rain-fed lucerne pasture produces between 4-8 tonnes (t) of dry matter per hectare per year (DM/ha/yr) which is similar to annual pasture, but production is spread more evenly over the year. Their impact depends on the density of a pest/disease in the crop, the susceptibility of the variety, the age and health of the plant, and the seasonal conditions such as temperature, moisture and humidity. The roots of an established lucerne crop could be clearly traced all the way down. Lucerne (Alfalfa) is a major forage crop both in New Zealand and around the world. Lucerne can be cultivated under dry land conditions where the annual summer rainfall is higher than 400 to 500 mm and in winter rainfall areas where the annual rainfall is higher than 350 to 400 mm. Alternatively, lucerne can be a lucrative enterprise for the production of fodder (high quality hay, silage or chaff) or seed. Lucerne (Medicago sativa) is a valuable leguminous forage and hay crop which is generally grown in areas where water supply is inadequate for berseem. hay . It is widely grown as forage for cattle and is often harvested as hay. Combating broad-leaves weeds in lucerne is a serious problem. BloatThe risk of bloat when cattle are grazed is however very real and we are therefore not able to recommend grazing Lucerne other than at the very end of the growing season. Product Range . Find a Pioneer Representative ; News; 0800 PIONEER (746 633) Search Site. Responsible for managing the Lucerne crop cultivation section of the Lucerne farm; Supervises other workers within the department; Work closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives; Lucerne Processing and Packaging Manager/Supervisor . A further specialist use is for drying when it is made into high protein meal or pellets. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. However lucerne is high in protein and low in soluble carbohydrates which are needed to enable anaerobic bacteria to produce lactic, acetic and propionic acids which preserve the forage as silage, these acids reduce the pH and inhibit further bacterial and enzyme action. Establishing lucerne. Ploughing in a lucerne crop is an education in itself. It is valued for its drought tolerance, high yield, protein content and digestible fibre and as such makes good forage for ruminants. There was once a soil pit dug on a farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet. An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. Call: 07703 330988. Lucerne (Medicago sativa) is a nitrogen fixing legume commonly known as alfalfa. Due to its high water use and deep roots (>two metres on suitable soils) it is able to address rising watertables and associated salinity. A shortened version of the URL, helpful when communicating the URL over email or verbally. As a result, we do not have any fruit follow-up problems. August 8, 2014 at 9:28 am General guidelines for establishing and handling this legume. This series will help you to decide whether lucerne is suitable for your farm. It is a perennial plant and can supply fodder for 3-4 year in same growing. A strongly growing crop of Lucerne will remove approximately 150kgs/Ha Phosphate and Potash annually. The roots are known to penetrate to a depth of three metres thus enabling the plant to draw moisture and minerals from a considerable depth. Which are the best grasses?In the UK we have favoured meadow fescue and timothy as companions. Cocksfoot can also be used for its drought resistance.Trials in France over three years using late cocksfoot have shown that such a mixture can be used for grazing by sheep. This should be replaced to maintain soil levels by smaller applications after each cut or a single application after the last cut of the summer. It grows best in areas of high sunshine. Growing Lucerne sowing. Examples of herbicides are diclofop-methyl, EPTC, fluazifop-P-butyl, proprop, quizalofop-ethyl, etc. An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. Lucerne also known as "alfalfa" or "rijka" in northen India is a protein rich fodder and considered as "queen of fodder crop". Wide adaptability. Thus there is a benefit to the following crop. Much of the plant breeding has concentrated on the US and southern European markets. Lucerne requires large amounts of water for optimal production. Regularity of yield - this is lucerne's trump card. Apply fertiliser immediately after cutting to avoid leaf scorch on the new leaf growth. GROWING LUCERNE . If on the other hand the objective is hay then it is better to grow a pure stand. The benefits together with lower forage production costs when compared with grass silage should help to improve margin/litre of milk produced. The less winter active types have a lower set crown and a more prostrate growth habit, while more winter active types have an erect growth habit (50-70 centimetres high). Download and read the complete manual to growing lucerne in New Zealand. Lucerne is a deep-rooted, nitrogen-fixing crop that has seen a surge in interest among livestock farmers looking for a drought-tolerant fodder option. Use a seed rate of 8 kgs per acre to avoid risk of poor establishment. Lucerne is deep rooted, very drought hardy and provides benefits such as high animal performance, nitrogen fixation (for itself and subsequent crops), and offers an … can reduce crop yields in the year following the lucerne phase due to a dry soil. Soil should be analysed every three years to assess the correct amounts needed. Lucerne is a multi-cut, perennial, legume forage crop. CROP ROTATION Lucerne exhibits autotoxicity. It also gives advice about how to grow it, including topics such as establishment costs and choosing suitable fields. The dry matter equally filled with nutrition containing calcium, magnesium and other mineral salts. The main use of lucerne in NSW is as a pasture for year-round grazing and in crop rotations. The culture consists of a live inoculum of Rhizobia meliloti. Lucerne is deep rooted, very drought hardy and provides benefits such as high animal performance, nitrogen fixation (for itself and subsequent crops), and offers an … Harvesting at the first flower bud stage gives the best compromise in terms of yield and quality. Lucerne has high crude protein (average 22 to 27% over the year), low fibre (average 32-40% over the year), comparing favourably with perennial ryegrass, chicory and tall fescue. Mixtures of Grass & LucerneThere are several advantages in growing a mixture, but it is necessary to obtain the right balance between the species. Establishment: When sown under a cover crop use the normal fertiliser programme for the cereal unless P and K levels are low, but do not apply too much N to minimise the risk of lodging. Protection of the crop. Because lucerne requires high pH soils, some lime can be applied immediately after the pasture is sprayed out and then again after the crop but prior to lucerne establishment. Managing lucerne. The grass seeds should either be shallow drilled or broadcast after the lucerne has been drilled.