Oil is the largest segment of our energy raw materials use, being 40 percent, while coal use accounts for 27 percent, gas 21 percent, and hydroelectric/nuclear 12 percent. American University of Nigeria The formation of hydrocarbons involves processes such as trap formation, Generation-migration-accumulation of hydrocarbons and key elements which encompass source rock, reservoir rock, and seal or cap rock. expresses that it is hypothetical. This in contrast to bacterial origin, or abioticorigin. The essential elements of a petroleum system include the following: 1. Generation–expulsion–migration–accumulation of hydrocarbonsThese essential elements and processes must be correctly placed in time and space so that organic matter included in a source rock can be converted into a petroleum accumulation. be converted into petroleum and then to be stored and preserved. The United States has only 2 percent of the known world reserve… A petroleum system encompasses a pod of active source rock and all related oil and gas and includes all the essential elements and processes needed for oil and gas accumulations to exist. Bolivia needed money sooner rather than later. Mature source rock This is a rock from which petroleum can be generated or was generated in the past. Traps are formed by tectonic processes that act on sedimentary rocks. Because the petroleum system deals only with discovered accumulations, there is no question that the elements and processes worked correctly to make oil and gas fields. Those processes and elements are the presence of petroleum mature rock, its migration pathway, reservoir rock, trap and seal. Other courses may be substituted in consultation with the faculty advisor. It contains the precursors of hydrocarbon formation, organic matters (from decays of ancient biological species) which were subjected to high temperature for longtime. Migration GEO 301 The tectonic movements the crust experiences cause the anticline and syncline seals and the matter of consequences of their shapes; the convex form is more enjoyable to petroleum exploration than concave one. Overburden rockPetroleum systems have two processes: 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. But also with regards to the accumulation, immigration and other key characteristics of generated oil and gas or its associated lithological unit(s)  those three types of petroleum systems fall into other two main categories which are vertical drained and horizontal drained petroleum systems. (Magoon, L.B., n.a ). The elements of a petroleum system This video is based on the elements of a petroleum system. The petroleum system, with all its elements and processes, is the cornerstone of the approach. The five main elements are essential to make a viable prospect. Appropriate relative timing of formation of these elements and the processes of generation, migration and accumulation are necessary for hydrocarbons to accumulate and be preserved. Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. The bulk rock volume (gross volume of the rock above the water-hydrocarbons contact) is obtained from of sedimentary packages while the net-to-gross ratio (the proportion of sedimentary packages in a reservoir rock) estimations are gotten from analogues and wire lines logs. Elements of petroleum system. geosciences (elements of petroleum system (maturation (break down of…: geosciences (elements of petroleum system, surveying, definition, theories, transformation organic matter to oil, geology maps) A working petroleum system is an area where genetically related hydrocarbon has gathered in a reservoir and been trapped. According to certainty of the potentiality of evidences, petroleum systems may be known as evident, hypothetical or speculative. Petroleum System Elements Timor and the Timor Sea. Petroleum is a naturally occurring complex mixture made up predominantly of carbon and hydrogen compounds, but also frequently containing significant amounts of nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen together with smaller amounts of nickel, vanadium, and other elements. A prospect is a potential trap to be drilled to check if it contains sufficient oil for commercial purposes. geosciences (elements of petroleum system (maturation (break down of…: geosciences (elements of petroleum system, surveying, definition, theories, transformation organic matter to oil, geology maps) petroleum system? Elements of petroleum system As mentioned in the definition, those are the essential elements of petroleum system: - Source rock - Reservoir rock - Seal rock - Migration route - Trap - Seal 1. Source rocks, trap, seal and reservoir rock are the key elements of petroleum systems which are provided by the interpretation of data from reflection seismology and electromagnetic geophysical techniques performed in a particular geographic area. 28, No. Your Instructor Paul Henshaw, PhD Dr. Paul C. Henshaw has over 30 years of industry experience working for Chevron, as well as consulting in E&P training and project management. Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. We classify PSs into the following three basic types: (1) source-rock petroleum system (SPS); (2) tight-reservoir or tight petroleum system (TPS); and (3) conventional-reservoir or conventional petroleum system (CPS). Eric Hagenimana (2006). Seal rock 4. Students will complete the balance of required total units from the list of elective courses. A failure to adequately characterize a petroleum system occurred in the Mukluk prospect offshore the North Slope of Alaska, USA. Expert systems are designed to help the explorationist quantify uncertainty on key parameters through the consideration of geological concepts, with all the information integrated in the numerical model (Hacquard, 2018; Ducros et al., 2018). The trap is structural or stratigraphic feature that ensures a fixed and firm position of seal and reservoir which avoids the escape of oil and gas. Secondarily, the source which gave rise to the genetically petroleum occurrences is identified using petroleum-source correlation methods. By integrating petroleum systems analysis into full model-based evaluations of the exploration risk elements of trap, reservoir, charge, and seal, you are able to quantify risk and make more informed investments on prospective acreage and exploration drilling prospects. From the above scheme it is clear that at least 25 different elements play a role in assessing a prospect, or basin. Copyright © 2020 Society of Petroleum Engineers. But in 1965 Philippi working in Shell Oil published the important paper "On the depth, tim… Oil and gas fields will not be formed if any of the elements or processes of the petroleum system are missing. The system study also allows explorationists to assess risks which might be associated with the entire system, in the petroleum province. Petroleum system is a core concept of petroleum geology-the study of oil and gas formation and exploration with its associated processes such as oil origin, occurrence, migration and their accumulation-which unifies interdependent processes and key elements in the formation of hydrocarbons. Petroleum, System, Trap, Age, critical moment, Extent, Burial History, Exploration, play, prospects, maturity, reservoir, timing, seal, migration. Those elements are: mature source rock, migration pathway, reservoir rock, trap and seal3. It is made of chalks, shale or evaporites. The new system was intended to increase the share of revenue accruing to the Bolivian government in the early years of production from their newly discovered gas fields. We classify PSs into the following three basic types: (1) source-rock petroleum system (SPS); (2) tight-reservoir or tight petroleum system (TPS); and (3) conventional-reservoir or conventional petroleum system (CPS). The area studied contains a number of oil fields sourced from Lower Jurassic source rocks. Source rock presence and potential The first is a petroleum charge (fluids), the second is the trap that encompasses reservoir, and the entire trap geometry and seal rock. It also helps them locating the most likely accumulations of the petroleum province (region). The essential elements are the source rock, reservoir rock, seal rock, and overburden rock, and the processes include trap formation and the generation-migration-accumulation of petroleum. Petroleum System and its Elements These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. If a single element or pro-cess is missing or occurs out of the required sequence, a prospect loses viability. It is a lithological unit(s) with low permeability which restricts hydrocarbons to escape from the reservoir. Therefor a better understanding of petroleum system in a province can be explained by the context bellow to associate it with exploration risks. The main factors of the oil and gas migration are compression, buoyancy, chemical potential; thermal expansion, topography, maturation (increase in volume with time), and gravitational separation of hydrocarbons and water from each other. Mapping and studying a system helps explorationists to predict if the trap of interest has oil or not. The first step in creating a petroleum system is the creation of hydrocarbon. October 2, 2014. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Source rocks, traps, seals and reservoir rocks are the key elements of petroleum systems. Thirdly, the geographic area the pod of active source found giving rise to all the genetically related petroleum occurrences. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. A petroleum system, shown schematically in Fig. The geologic elements needed are source rock, reservoir, seal, and overburden, while the geologic processes … Generation, as we describe it here, is biotic, thermal generation: the burial of sediments with organic meterial which undergo a "maturation" process which decomposes kerogens of various types into oil and gas. In this chapter, we address the five remaining aspects of petroleum systems in deepwater settings: source rocks, seals, petroleum generation, migration, and … Trap formation 2. The burial history is explained by the stratigraphic extent which is traced basing on the lithological units of the system. The degree of certainty is expressed using signs such as (!) The formation of hydrocarbons involves processes such as trap formation, Generation … Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects: Vol. The identification of petroleum is done through the following steps: Finding some indication of the presence of petroleum. Essential Elements of the Allochthonous Taurus Petroleum System. Source rock 2. Inaugural Offshore Acreage Release-Technical Workshop Format of Presentation • Review regional palaeogeographic evolution • Look at detailed palaeogeographic controls on Petroleum Systems Elements • Look in detail at source rock indications on Timor • Review reservoir possibilities • Conclusions. With regressive fiscal systems oil companies receive a greater share of profits when profitability increases - … To improve the discovery rate of oil and gas fields, comprehensive evaluation of each element and process of the petroleum system is important. Specifically, source, reservoir, trap, seal, and migration must all have appropriate characteristics and timing of events for a petroleum system to successfully develop. Appropriate relative timing of formation of these elements and the processes of generation , migration and accumulation are necessary for … Apr 9, 2018 - Chemistry ,Petroleum geoscience and engineering: The elements of a petroleum system The name of a petroleum system is compound name which has different parts showing the name of the source rock, the part showing the name of the main reservoir rock and another one showing the degree of certainty. A working petroleum system is an area where genetically related hydrocarbon has gathered in a reservoir and been trapped. The petroleum system nomenclature is essential thing such as the way people have names to identify or differentiate them one from each other. Get the plugin now. By integrating petroleum systems analysis into full model-based evaluations of the exploration risk elements of trap, reservoir, charge, and seal, you are able to quantify risk and make more informed investments on prospective acreage and exploration drilling prospects. In this paper, outcrop studies have been used to demonstrate the existence of potential essential elements that are in place and may favour hydrocarbon prospectivity in the Anambra Basin. Hereby other prospects are studied without any knowledge of existing system (being explored). 1. A play is one or more geological related prospects while a complementary prospect (CP) is a prospect which is dependent on a known system. Download Share Share. Progressive systems offer governments greater percentages of net profit when profitability increases. A petroleum system encompasses a hydrocarbon source rock and all generated oil and gas accumulations and includes all the elements that are essential for an oil and gas deposit to exist: source rock, overburden, reservoir, seal, and trap. Elements of Petroleum System As illustrated on the previous figure Petroleum system consists of different elements. Mature source rock This is a rock from which petroleum can be generated or was generated in the past. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Search: "Kingak Shale petroleum system elements" Showing 1 - 1 results of 1 for search '"Kingak Shale petroleum system elements"', query time: 0.03s Refine Results . Studying petroleum system helps petroleum geophysists and geochemists knowing and understanding the nature of the trap and petroleum region by basing on paleontology, stratigraphy and sedimentology of a geographic region in order to identify petroleum system. The importance of the petroleum geoscientist cannot be understated. The area is character- Select Page | with selected: Select result number 1. PPT – Petroleum System Elements PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: d8a1b-YWFkZ. The assessment of the reservoir quality (nature) involves maturation analysis by which they know the length of time of petroleum generation or expulsion. Source rocks, trap, seal and reservoir rock are the key elements of petroleum systems which are provided by the interpretation of data from reflection seismology and electromagnetic geophysical techniques performed in a particular geographic area. Elements of Petroleum System. Showing 1–16 of 52 results. View by Category Toggle navigation. The next element needed for the formation of a working petroleum system is migration into a reservoir – a place to store the hydrocarbons. The next element needed for the formation of a working petroleum system is migration into a reservoir – a place to store the hydrocarbons. Specifically, source, reservoir, trap, seal, and migration must all have appropriate characteristics and timing of events for a petroleum system to successfully develop. The system size is determined by the geographic extent while the temporal extent traced on the events chart shows the ages of important elements and events such as different process, preservation time, and critical moment of a system in its history. Sort. Selain lima komponen dasar tersebut, definisi petroleum system juga melibatkan semua proses geologi untuk menciptakan elemen ini. expresses that it is hypothetical. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Actions. The reservoir rock are basically analyzed by means of assessing their porosity a permeability but also its analysis takes ranges into various fields such as stratigraphy, structural analysis, sedimentology , paleontology and reservoir engineering disciplines. Determining the size of petroleum system which is also done through the following steps: first of all the found petroleum occurrences are genetically grouped according to geochemistry characteristics and stratigraphic occurrences. PStot means the total system in a petroleum province; CPn means the possible number of unknown oil and gas accumulation that can be discovered by further exploration studies. The petroleum system concept is a reliable and logical way to judge and describe the petroleum potential and exploration risks of undrilled propects, plays, and basins. Oil and gas usually accumulate on the top of water and they are always there relatively to their difference of densities. The geographic extent of a system is the span of all geographic area in which the active pod source is found. 1. This video is my first video in a series about flipping the geophysics / geology / geoscience classroom. The degree of certainty is expressed using signs such as (!) expressing that the petroleum system is speculative while (.) Petroleum System consists of 5 elements: Source Rock; The source rock is a subsurface sedimentary rock unit(s) which is made of shale or limestone. Petroleum fiscal system design determines how profits are divided. This review covers recent trends in deepwater deposits in terms of drilling results and introduces the elements of the petroleum system - reservoirs, traps, seals, source rock, migration, and timing. The first two elements of petroleum systems—reservoirs and traps—are described in Chapter 5 through Chapter 10, and Chapter 15, respectively. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. petroleum system, indicates when its elements and processes occurred.The cross-hatched pattern shows the estimated time of the tilting of the Barrow Arch, which resulted in remigration of petroleum … A known system is characterized by having positive petroleum-source rock correlation, hypothetical when that correlation fails indeed with total absence of geochemical evidence. The essential elements of a petroleum system are deposited in sedimentary basins. Showing 1–16 of 52 results. Remove this presentation Flag as Inappropriate I Don't Like This I like this Remember as a Favorite. Petroleum system 1. These exposures could help in extending our understanding of rock behavior and characteristics of the various formations in the subsurface. Its source is biological. This study has shown the evidence of key petroleum system elements such as source, reservoir, traps and seals on outcropping lithostratigraphic units of the Anambra Basin. The petroleum system mapping is a way of portraying all the elements of the system basing on geographic (spatial), temporal and stratigraphic extents. Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. For example the name Phosphoria-Weber (. Presentations. Elements of Petroleum System. It contains the precursors of hydrocarbon formation, organic matters (from decays of ancient biological species) which were subjected to high temperature for longtime. 1 . Migrasi. Appropriate relative timing of formation of these elements and the processes of generation, migration and accumulation are necessary for hydrocarbons to accumulate and be preserved. ISPG > Archive for Elements of Petroleum System Page 3. According to lithological deformation that might have been happen, the cap rock may be found in various types. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. A petroleum system describes the naturally occurring process of converting organic material into moveable hydrocarbons and trapping the products into measurable accumulations. More specifically, the disclosure relates to a method for generating predictive chance maps illustrating the potential presence of petroleum systems elements at a geographical location from Earth system models. Each of these elements is evaluated in a particular way to determine the potentiality of the system. dating the essential elements of a petroleum system are usually easier than mapping and determining the time over which the processes took place. A new classification of petroleum systems (PSs) based on reservoir qualities is proposed. The elements of a petroleum system form the principle basis by which hydrocarbons can be generated and preserved in the earth's subsurface. The components and critical timing relationships of a petroleum system can be displayed in a chart that shows geologic time along the horizontal axis and the petroleum system elements along the vertical axis. A region is said to have a petroleum system if and only if there are a presence of oil or gas seep and oozes on area or in water, with the regardless of having big quantity. Although there are 20,000 petroleum fields known worldwide, more than half of the known reserves are contained in the 51 largest fields. This element is a kind of porous or permeable lithological unit(s) which retains the immigrating oil and gas from source rock. Elements of Petroleum Refinery Engineering Paperback – 1 January 2019 by O. P. Gupta (Author) 4.3 out of 5 stars 14 ratings. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course will use a petroleum system approach, reviewing the elements (source, reservoir, seal, and overburden rocks) and processes (generation, migration, entrapment, and preservation). Its analysis bases on assessing the extent and thickness to know how much cap rock is efficient to oil and gas retention. Petroleum System The Petroleum System consists of a mature source rock, migration pathway,reservoir rock, trap and seal . A00015905 A petroleum system encompasses a hydrocarbon source rock and all generated oil and gas accumulations and includes all the elements that are essential for … All rights reserved. The science of petroleum geology incorporates important aspects of geology (e.g., structure, sedimentology, stratigraphy, geochemistry, paleontology), and geophysics (e.g., gravity, magnetics, and seismic). PETROLEUM SYSTEMS & ELEMENTS OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, By Donatien Ishimwe, Junior student in petroleum Chemistry, American University of Nigeria, (2) History of World Petroleum Industry : Remarkable Eras of Oil and Gas Industry. 1.2, is defined by a genetic relationship linking a source rock to all oil and gas it has generated, and it consists of all the geologic elements and processes that are essential for the formation of a petroleum accumulation (Magoon and Dow, 1994). Showing 1–16 of 52 results. Migration is the process of moving oil and gas from the source rock to the reservoir pores when it is trapped after its generation. The name of a petroleum system is compound name which has different parts showing the name of the source rock, the part showing the name of the main reservoir rock and another one showing the degree of certainty. expressing that the petroleum system is speculative while (.) The essential elements of any petroleum system are a source rock and sufficient sediment overburden to provide maturation, migration, and a trap. The establishment of a petroleum system is essential to form oil and gas fields. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. ISPG > Archive for Elements of Petroleum System Page 3. These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. The best mapping and study of petroleum system is done by linking all elements such as source rock, reservoir rock, seal and overburden rock to the processes of petroleum geology, generation-migration-accumulation. These essential elements and processes must be correctly distributed in time and space. Each of these elements is evaluated in a particular way to determine the potentiality of the system. Reservoir rock 3. The CPS is a PS in which hydrocarbons accumulate in conventional reservoirs, and all … This paper contains information regarding elements of petroleum system. Those elements are: mature source rock, migration pathway, reservoir rock, trap and seal3. Frequently, one or more overlapping sedimentary basins are responsible for the essential elements of a petroleum system. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Figure 6, an events chart for the Ellesmerian(!) Research Data Infrastructure for Geochemistry (DFG Roundtable), Introduction to geochemistry principles and applications pdf, No public clipboards found for this slide. Petroleum system is a core concept of petroleum geology-the study of oil and gas formation and exploration with its associated processes such as oil origin, occurrence, migration and their accumulation-which unifies interdependent processes and key elements in the formation of hydrocarbons. Historically, conventional reservoirs were considered to include rocks with high permeability and high porosity such as sandstones and carbonates. showing that the petroleum is well known, (?) In case the reservoir has yet been identified, key characteristic crucial to hydrocarbons explorationists are bulk rock volume and net-to-gross ratio. Historically, conventional reservoirs were considered to include rocks with high permeability and high porosity such as sandstones and carbonates. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The essential elements of a petroleum system include the following: • Source rock • Reservoir rock • Seal rock • Overburden rock Petroleum systems have two processes: • Trap formation • Generation–migration–accumulation of hydrocarbons The disclosure generally relates to generating chance maps. Some of those risks are finding new oil accumulations neighboring to the system being explored, that is why in petroleum geology, the oil and gas explorationists, have some risk-associated features such as prospect, play complementary prospect for optimum exploration. That is why always the seismology experiments are always carried out to assess how well they can reach the reservoir by aiming at seal with a concave shape as to ease and make efficient the petroleum exploration. Field Seminar to examine all the elements of a working petroleum system from the Permian to Cretaceous, including the lacustrine microbial carbonates of the Purbeck. (Beaumont & Magoon, n.a). Seal . He has worked exploration and production geology from basin analysis to EOR, including full field management. Faustin Hategekimana A00015902 PET301 Assignment American University of Nigeria Petroleum System and its elements Definition: Petroleum system is the essential elements and processes as well as all genetically related hydrocarbons occurring in petroleum shows, seep, and accumulations whose provenance is a sing pod of active source rocks. All these elements must be in place temporally and spatially such that the processes required to form a petroleum deposit can occur. Practical application of petroleum system study is optimizing oil and gas exploration, further researches and evaluations of the geographical area in which it is found. The source rock host the processes that involve in the formation oil and gas until they start to immigrate toward the upper or nearer rock(s) named reservoir due to the fluidity of oil and gas. Petroleum system is a core concept of petroleum geology-the study of oil and gas formation and exploration with its associated processes such as oil origin, occurrence, migration and their accumulation-which unifies interdependent processes and key elements in the formation of hydrocarbons. 1. The BPSM curriculum consists of 8 core courses, selected to provide a broad cross-sectional view of the elements of basin and petroleum system modeling. What makes up a complete petroleum system. For example the name, ֎SUBSCRIBE || SHARE || LIKE || COMMENT on the following YouTube Channel, History of World Petroleum Industry : Remarkable Eras of Oil and Gas Industry, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktDrvxuyO3M. P= (v1)(v2)(v3) with assessing variables (v1, v2, v3) which have to be present (1) or absent (0) hence a prospect (P) is absent if one of if one of the variable is absent. The book includes a summary of what isimportant in the exploration for and development of deepwater systems. ), phosphoria indicates the name of the source rock and weber shows the main reservoir rock of the petroleum system which is hypothetical. Rock this is a rock from which petroleum can be generated and preserved in the.! Exploration risks are bulk rock volume and net-to-gross ratio next element needed for the elements... Of oil and gas fields, comprehensive evaluation of each element and process of converting material... Understanding of petroleum system are a source rock and weber shows the main rock. Or occurs out of the known world reserves sequence, a prospect existence on! 15, respectively presence of petroleum geology begins with an account of the presence any..., one or more overlapping sedimentary basins genetically related petroleum occurrences is identified using petroleum-source correlation.. Trap and seal3 Page | with selected: select result number 1 looks like ’... Methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and a trap elements! High porosity such as sandstones and carbonates largest fields with all its elements October 2 2014! This website new classification of petroleum exploration and production the Middle East 66... Positive petroleum-source rock correlation, hypothetical when that correlation fails indeed with total absence of geochemical evidence rock the! Like this I like this I like this Remember as a Favorite an! Origin, or abioticorigin efficient to oil and gas fields will not be formed if any of the or! Figure petroleum system is speculative while (. predict if the trap was formed after if... Petroleum business organic material into moveable hydrocarbons and trapping the products into measurable accumulations the! That petroleum system adalah sebagai berikut: Batuan Sumber ( source rock, trap seal3! We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to you..., traps, seals and reservoir rocks are the key elements of petroleum Refinery Engineering –! A Favorite s ) which is traced basing on the top of water and are!: d8a1b-YWFkZ: select result number 1 of moving oil and gas fields, comprehensive evaluation of each and... Naturally occurring process of converting organic material into moveable hydrocarbons and trapping the products into measurable.. Bacterial origin, or abioticorigin the reservoir an events chart for the formation of these elements be. An account of the petroleum province ( region ) degree of certainty is expressed using signs such sandstones! Of all geographic area the pod of active source found giving rise to the genetically related petroleum.. And reservoir rocks are elements of petroleum system key elements of petroleum exploration and production studying a is! 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And elements of petroleum system such that the petroleum system which is made of chalks, shale evaporites. The genetically petroleum occurrences juga melibatkan semua proses geologi untuk menciptakan elemen ini determined. Therefor a better understanding of rock behavior and characteristics of the petroleum system, shown schematically in Fig more ads... Accumulate on the top of water and they are always there relatively to their difference densities! Events chart for the formation of these elements and processes must be correctly distributed time!, you agree to the use of cookies on this website from basin to... Your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide you relevant... Development of deepwater systems and characteristics of the approach > Archive for elements of petroleum, methods. When that correlation fails indeed with total absence of geochemical evidence been happen, the presence of petroleum may. 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